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Primary prevention of arterial hypertension in the working-age population

V. Reshetnikov, N. Ekkert, V. Royuk

Abstract

We conducted the survey for working-age population via a questionnaire among 400 office workers to ensure that they have high blood pressure. Blood pressure measurement was also conducted for this group of office workers.

The results of the survey and measurement of blood pressure have shown that only 30.8% of office workers do regular monitoring of blood pressure, with women 3.5 times more often than men. Of the respondents 66.3% thought that they had normal level of blood pressure, which was confirmed by measuring. In 14.5% of respondents who claimed that they do not have high blood pressure, it was determined to be unstable, in 19.2% - the blood pressure was high. The majority of people who had stable high blood pressure were in the age group 40-49 years (60.9%). The results of blood pressure measurement showed incomplete compliance with the detected high blood pressure and self-awareness of the office workers.

It is necessary to organize places for self-monitoring of blood pressure (SMBP) at workplaces. The proposed method of SMBP can be used in the general program of prevention of hypertension in the population.


Keywords

arterial hypertension; blood pressure; prevention; morbidity; self-monitoring of blood pressure; the working-age population

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