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Профилактика на инфекциите на пикочните пътища при деца до три годишна възраст чрез кърмене

Р. Чамова, T. Димитрова, Д. Близнакова

Abstract

Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common diseases in childhood. Their tendency to become chronic leads to a risk of severe renal impairment and of chronic kidney disease for children. Aim: The aim of this article is to discuss the protective effect of breastfeeding on the development of UTIs in infants and children in early childhood.

Materials and Methods: A case-control study was conducted in children under three years of age in Varna. The parents of 216 healthy children and of 108 children with UTIs were interviewed about breastfeeding practices and complementary feeding. The results of laboratory and ultrasound tests of the urinary system in the group of cases have been analyzed. For the statistical analysis SPSS (v.17.0) was used. Frequencies and descriptive analysis, χ2 test of Pearson, t-test of Student and correlation by Pearson were used. Statistical significance was determined at the level of significance p<0.05.

Results: The average age of patients and controls was 17.7 ± 1 months. Breastfed children suffering of UTIs were 87%. The median of the duration of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding in the cases is respectively

3.5± and 0 months compared to the significantly longer duration of these periods in the controls - 6 months and 2 months (p<0.005). The mean age of initiation of complementary feeding among our respondents was 4.8±0.1 months.

Conclusion: Breast milk has a protective effect on UTIs in children up to 3 years of age.


Keywords

breastfeeding; urinary tract infections; prevention

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