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Cardiorenal syndrome in patients with chronic kidney disease and bone-mineral disorders

Svetla Staykova, Snejana Atanasova


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor with an independent significance for the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases and mortality. In recent years, great attention has also been paid to the type of heart and blood vessel involvement in CKD.
The cardiorenal syndrome occurs with a disruption of the healthy relationship between the kidney function and the heart, maintaining hemodynamics and maintaining organ perfusion. The dysfunction of one organ creates prerequisites for an altered function of the other target organ.
A common finding in advanced kidney failure is mitral, aortic sclerosis and calcinosis. Clinical thinking of the physician for cardiovascular syndrome and understanding of its pathophysiological characteristics will significantly improve prognosis and quality of life in patients with cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease.


chronic kidney disease; cardiovascular syndrome; heartbeat

Full Text


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