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Journal of the Union of Scientists - Varna. Medicine and Ecology Series

Vestibular and hearing disorders in obstructive sleep apnea patients

Mario Petrov Milkov

Abstract

Introduction

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a severe disease in children and adults presenting with complex interrelations between the respiratory system, on the one hand, and numerous systems and organs in the organism, on the other hand. This results in a variety of comorbidities which are difficult to treat.

Aim

The objective of the present communication is to analyze the basic diagnostic and therapeutic peculiarities of the vestibular and hearing disturbances in OSA patients.

Materials and Methods

During the period between 2015 and 2018, a total of 20 patients, 12 males and 8 females with OSA in whom hearing reduction because of acoustic nerve neuritis as well as tinnitus have been diagnosed. The following specialized examination methods were used: audiometry, optoacoustic emissions, video Head Impulse Test, polysomnography, etc.

Results

In nine patients, there was hearing impairment of mixed, i.e. conductance and reception type. Thanks to the treatment of OSA carried out, a substantial improvement of the subjective and objective status of the patients with hearing reduction and tinnitus has been observed.


Keywords

obstructive sleep apnea, polysomnography, otological examinations, hearing reduction, tinnitus, treatment

Full Text


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/isuvsme.v23i1.5619

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