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The value of endo rectal ultrasound

N. Kolev, G. Todorov, V. Ignatov, A. Tonev, K. Ivanov

Abstract

In the last twenty years, endorectal ultrasound (ERUS) has become the primary method for locoregional staging of rectal cancer. ERUS is the most accurate modality for assessing local depth of invasion of rectal carcinoma into the rectal wall layers (T stage). Lower accuracy for T2 tumors is commonly reported, which could lead to sonographic overstaging of T3 tumors following preoperative therapy. Unfortunately, ERUS is not as good for predicting nodal metastases as it is for tumor depth, which could be related to the unclear definition of nodal metastases. The use of multiple criteria might improve accuracy. Failure to evaluate nodal status

could lead to inadequate surgical resection. ERUS can accurately distinguish early cancers from advanced ones, with a high detection rate of residual carcinoma in the rectal wall. ERUS is also useful for detection of local recurrence at the anastomosis site, which might require fine-needle aspiration of the tissue. Overstaging is more frequent than understaging, mostly due to inflammatory changes. Limitations of ERUS are operator and experience dependency, limited tolerance of patients, and limited range of depth of the transducer. The ERUS technique requires a learning curve for orientation and identification of images and planes. With sufficient time and effort, quality and accuracy of the ERUS procedure could be improved.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/ssm.v43i5.1188

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About The Authors

N. Kolev
I-st Clinic of durgery, University hospital St. Marina
Bulgaria

G. Todorov
I-st Clinic of surgery, University hospital St. Marina
Bulgaria

V. Ignatov
I-st Clinic of surgery, University hospital St. Marina
Bulgaria

A. Tonev
I-st Clinic of surgery, University hospital St. Marina
Bulgaria

K. Ivanov
I-st Clinic of surgery, University hospital St. Marina
Bulgaria

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