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Two autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorders - FRDA and LGMD2A, in a single Bulgarian pedigree

Savina Tincheva, Albena Todorova, Tihomir Todorov, Vanyo Mitev

Abstract

Here we report a single pedigree affected by two different recessive neuromuscular disorders, namely Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) and Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy Type 2A. The molecular genetic testing showed that in this family FRDA is caused by an expanded GAA repeat in compound heterozygous state with a novel point mutation c.442C>T, p.Gln148* on the second allele of the FXN gene. This case of two siblings (male and female) is the first report of Bulgarian FRDA case carrying a point mutation in the FXN gene. The LGMD2A affected individual was found to be compound heterozygous for the two most common CAPN3 mutations for the Bulgarian population (c.550delA, p.Thr184Argfs; c.967G>T, p.Glu323*). To the best of our knowledge we are reporting the first Bulgarian family with two neurological disorders caused by mutations in genes on different chromosomes and segregating independently in the family. This single pedigree with four different mutations is an example for the high genetic heterogeneity of the Bulgarian population.


Keywords

CAPN3 gene; Friedreich ataxia; FXN gene; Limb-Girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A; single pedigree

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References

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/ssm.v47i3.1275

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About The Authors

Savina Tincheva
Department of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
Bulgaria

Albena Todorova
Medical University of Sofia
Bulgaria

Department of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry

Tihomir Todorov
Genetic-Medico Diagnostic Laboratory “Genica”, Sofia
Bulgaria

Vanyo Mitev
Medical University of Sofia
Bulgaria

Department of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry

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