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Scripta Scientifica Medica

Pediatric Gastrointestinal Emergencies - Ultrasound and Conventional Imaging

BD Balev, DB Baleva

Abstract

BACKGROUND:The abdominal pathology of newborns and infants, unlike adults, manifests itself most often in urgent conditions. This requires that a decision be taken in the shortest possible time, applying an appropriate or a combination of modalities. The higher radiation sensitivity of pediatric patients must be taken into consideration.
LEARNING POINTS:

  1. Why ultrasound and conventional X-ray imaging?
  2. Tips about US and XR in children
  3. US and XR diagnostic strength and significant findings in GIT emergencies (neonatal and infant group)

MAIN BODY:The advantages and disadvantages of imaging modalities are discussed, according to pediatric age. The imaging of the most common units causing acute abdomen in pediatric patients is presented: necrotizing enterocolitis, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, proximal and distal GI obstruction, intussusception, pyloric stenosis, appendicitis, and mesenteric lymphadenopathy.

CONCLUSION:We should know what condition to expect and how to search for it (age, clinical presentation, collaboration with pediatricians). Conventional radiology and ultrasound, especially in combination, may solve most of the problems in the pediatric abdomen. Perform XR and US with artistry to obtain the best diagnostic profit. Follow the ALARA/ALADA principle!

Keywords: imaging, pediatric, acute abdomen, congenital


Keywords

imaging, pediatric, acute abdomen, congenital




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/ssm.v49i0.3068

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About The Authors

BD Balev

DB Baleva

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