Scientific Online Resource System

Scripta Scientifica Medica

Early detection of eye diseases in general practice

K. Trifonova, K. Slaveykov

Abstract

Abstract: Most of the time general practitioners are the first to face an ophthalmologic complaint of a patient. Many of the eye diseases are more easily treated when caught in early stages and this brings up the importance of their early detection. However, the patient often does not have any complaints at the beginning of an eye disease, and does not know that he needs to see a specialist. Here comes the role of general practitioners who can look for risk factors and take part in eye screening. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge of general practitioners about the risk factors for eye diseases and their readiness to take part in screening of eye diseases. Methods: Thirty randomly selected general practitioners were given written ques- tionnaires RESULTS: 67% of the general practitioners that took part in the survey think that they know most of the risk factors for eye diseases and they also proved that knowledge of the most important ones in an open - ended question. Many general practitioners are confident and willing to take part in screening for eye dis- eases. Conclusion: General practitioners can play a significant role in early detection of eye diseases. They should be encouraged to look for risk factors and be included in screening programs.


Keywords

general practitioner; risk factors; screening

Full Text


References

Трифонов Зл., И. Кърнолски - Влиянието на артериалната хипертония върху еволюцията на глаукомния процес - сп. ”Медицински архив”- 36,3-4 , 1989,23-25

Нейчев Ив., Зл. Трифонов – Скринингови методи за диагноза на първичната откритоъгълна глаукома – сп.” РБ- Офталмология “бр.4 ,23-26, 2003

Bhargava M, Ikram MK, J Hum Hypertens. 2011, Epub ahead of print

Dirani M, Xie J, Fenwick E, Benarous R, Rees G, Wong TY, Are Obesity and Anthropometry Risk Factors for Diabetic Retinopathy? The Diabetes Management Project

(DMP Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 [Epub ahead of print]

Ekstrom C, Risk factors for incident open-angle glaucoma: a population-based 20-year follow-up study.,Acta Ophthalmol. 2010 [Epub ahead of print]

Goldweig C. , N. Wedger, C. McLean, P.

Shekelle, Preventing and managing visual disability in primary care : clinical applications, JAMA, 2004 . 291(12):1497-502

Jung KH, Chu K, Lee ST, Bahn JJ, Kim JH, Kim M, Risk of macrovascular complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus: endothelial microparticle profiles, Cerebrovasc Dis. 2011, 31(5): 485-93

Kaarniranta K, Salminen A, Haapasalo A, Soininen H, Hiltunen M, Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD): Alzheimer's Disease in the Eye?, J Alzheimers Dis. 2011[Epub ahead of print]

Pelletier A., J. Thomas, F. Shaw Vision loss in older persons, Am Fam Physician, 2009,

(11):963-70

Podolsky M., Exposing glaucoma. Primary care physicians are instrumental in early detection, Postgrad Med, 1998,103(5):131-6

Rowe, C. Mclean, P. Shekelle, Preserving vi- sual loss from chronic eye disease in primary care, JAMA,2004, 291:1487-1495

Quigley HA, Glaucoma., Lancet. 2011,

(9774):1367-77

Wang F, Ford D, Tielsch JM и др. Unde- tected eye disease in a primary care clinic population, Arch Intern Med. 1994 Aug 22, 154 (16):1821-8

Yingyong P, .Risk factors for refractive errors in primary school children (6-12 years old) in Nakhon Pathom Province, J Med Assoc Thai., 2010 , 93(11):1288-93




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/ssm.v43i0.4348

Refbacks

Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
About The Authors

K. Trifonova
Medical University of Varna

K. Slaveykov
Medical University of Varna

Font Size


|