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Scripta Scientifica Medica

ВЛИЯНИЕТО НА НЯКОИ ПРОФЕСИОНАЛНИ ВРЕДНОСТИ КАТО ПРИЧИНА ЗА ВЪЗНИКВАНЕТО НА НЕВРОЗИ СРЕД РАБОТНИЦИТЕ ОТ ДИП „ДРУЖБА` - ВАРНА

Г. Марков, A. Попов

Abstract

A study is carried out on a group of 100 randomly chosen individuals among the neurotic patients in the dressmaking State Enterprise „Druzba` in Varna. Of the total number 52 are with diagnosis neurosis-neurasthenia and 48 - with neurosis-hysteria. On the basis of observations made by the neurologist, working in this factory for more than three years, it is established that the morbidity rate of neuroses is rather high. This fact warranted the search for some professional noxae, which could be assumed as primary or additional (secondary) factors in producing the high incidence of neurotic morbidity conditions in this particular surrounding. On the basis of the observations performed, it is established that the noise and vibrations from machinery exert an neurotizing effect on the greater part of the workers - not merely on those working with them, but on all the present in the same room, though occupied with different kind of working processes (ironing (pressers), sorters, hanh-sewing). The dusty air, the high temperature in the rooms during the summer seasons in particular, the high number of persons working in the same room, the non-rhythimical supplying with materials and the subsequent irregular strain (overloading) of the workers during the annual quarters are also assumed as neurotizing factors. The authors make some recommendations as to the ways of avoiding the listed harmful factors, favouring the high incidence of neuroses in similar enterprises.

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References

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/ssm.v5i0.5434

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Г. Марков

A. Попов

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