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The use of 3D printing in manufacturing anthropomorphic phantoms for biomedical applications

Kristina Bliznakova


Emerging imaging modalities require urgently the use of physical anthropomorphic phantoms. They are used to design, test and evaluate the performance of the new forthcoming imaging systems, prior to their introducing into clinical practice. However, until recently, manufacturing of such phantoms was challenging due to limitations in the current technology, suitable materials, manufacturing precision, and size of digital models. This paper presents the application of the three-dimensional (3D) printing in the field of biomedical engineering. Specifically, the focus is on the development of anthropomorphic physical phantoms with characteristics suitable for use in x-ray imaging. The use of the 3D printing in the educational process of engineers, doctors and physicists is also demonstrated.


3D printing, biomedical applications, research and education, breast phantoms

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About The Author

Kristina Bliznakova
Technical University of Varna

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