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Conceptual and methodological approaches to quality of life - a public health perspective

Desislava Vankova

Abstract

Quality of life is a major goal in the context of public health. It is important, both as a needs assessment tool and as an outcome measure in health promotion interventions. QoL has been frequently measured but seldom explicitly defined. The aim of this article is to discuss a wide range of conceptual and methodological issues related to QoL. The classical Being-Belonging-Becoming approach is presented. Further, the methodology for QoL assessment covers a wide range of topics. It involves the taxonomy of QoL definitions, a classification of QoL instruments, and recommendations how to choose the right questionnaire with the relevant psychometric properties. There is a need for more research based on carefully selected measures of QoL chosen as being of particular importance to individuals and to the hypotheses being tested. Measuring health rather than disease is a methodological challenge which has recently received more attention and should be further explored in target-setting exercises at a community level.


Keywords

quality of life; health; concept; methodology

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/sssp.v1i2.1380

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About The Author

Desislava Vankova
Medical University of Varna, PhD graduate
Bulgaria

MD, MPH, PhD

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