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Anthropometry, physical ability and dispensary observation of school-age children - contribution to health prevention and public health

Daniel Monov, Genoveva Ragyovska, Yulia Vitlyanova

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Morphological /anthropometric/ indicators are the basis for assessing the physical growth of children of school age, the relevant organs and the whole body. External factors affect growth and development, especially during puberty. We set ourselves the task to analyze anthropometric studies of stu­dents in organized groups in Varna - on height, body weight, activity, and their dispensary observation by ICD for a period of two years - 2012 - 2014.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have used reports, analyses, tests, data from prophylactic examinations and dispensary, anthropometric measurements, laboratory tests of RHI Varna, examination of physical abil­ities and more. Our methods included documentary, statistical, laboratory tests, physical abilities and more.

RESULTS: We explored the physical development of 80 771 students in organized groups in Varna - 33 669 for the 2012-2013 school year and 42 918 for 2013-2014, divided into three groups: first group - norm, second group - extended norm and third group - outside the norm. We analyzed the physical abilities to pass and not pass the tests for norm and out of norm and the ones free from physical education and remedial gymnastics.

CONCLUSIONS: The share of anthropometric measurement of height and weight within the norm is high­est in schoolchildren in group I (norm) - 87.0% for a height and 84.0% for a bodyweight. However, it is signifi­cantly lower in group II (extended norm) - 8.57% for height and 9.85% for body mass. The detected and regis­tered main diseases and abnormalities in prophylactic examinations were: obesity, visual disturbances, spine curvature disorders, and asthma.


Keywords

anthropometric research, ability, dispensary observation, height, weight, physical development

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References

An ordinance No. 3 of the Ministry of Health for Practices in kindergartens and schools - SG 38/2000; amend. and supplemented SG 83/2000.

An ordinance No. 39 of 2004 for prophylactic examinations and dispensary, SG 106/2004.

Ordinance for transformation and Rules for the activity of RIPCPH / SG 16 of February 18, 2005

Ordinance No 1 of January 6, 2011, issue 5 of SG, 14.01.2011 / Converts existing regional health centers and Regional Inspectorates for Protection and Control of Public Health in regional health inspections

Popov B. Hygiene, nutrition and epidemiology. First edition. Sofia; 2007: 127-138, 290.

Valkova M. Aesthetic attitude to seventeen. Electronic Publishing Varna: LiterNet; 2006.

Simeonova I, Velikova A. Age as a determinant of differences in the level of physical activity of people from MU-Pleven. Reports Volume 1. Anniversary scientific conference 30 sept. - 2 oct. 2010. Publishing center MU Pleven; 2010: 80-84.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/sssp.v2i0.3504

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About The Authors

Daniel Monov
Medical University of Varna

Training and Research Sector of Public Health Inspector, Medical College

Genoveva Ragyovska
Medical University of Varna

Department of Health Care, Faculty of Public Health

Yulia Vitlyanova
Regional Health Inspectorate, Varna

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