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Midwives coping with stress

Slavena Ilieva, Valya Dimitrova, Rumyana Laleva

Abstract

Professional stress can be defined as an emotional, cognitive, behavioural and psychological reaction to nega­tive and unfavourable aspects related to the nature of the work. This reaction affects the whole organism and its environment, can become a permanent condition and is characterised by a high degree of suffering, and often with a sense of impasse. According to NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health), occupational stress is a combination of negative physical and emotional responses that occur when there is a mismatch between job requirements and capabilities, resources or needs of the worker.

AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the ability of midwives working in the St. Anna University Hospital and SHOGAT `Prof. Dr. D. Stamatov`, Varna, to cope with stress arising from the job environment.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have studied the opinion of working midwives from St. Anna University Hospital and SHOGAT „Prof. Dr. D. Stamatov` - Varna. The survey was conducted in June 2016. The methods we used were: documentary, statistical - questionnaire, graphic analysis.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The answer of the respondents indicates an increased workload, which can be a source of stress. Increased physical overload and emotional exhaustion in the workplace are a prerequisite for the emergence of stress. The accumulated fatigue and inadequate rest decrease the ability to work and are a prerequisite for the occurrence of stress among working midwives. Many midwives work a second job or have family (other) obligations that prevent them from getting adequate rest. It is noteworthy to mention that more than half of the midwives choose their relatives and friends to share the emotions experienced during the day.

CONCLUSIONS:

1. Increased physical overload and emotional exhaustion in the workplace are a prerequisite for the emergence of stress.

2. The accumulated fatigue and inadequate rest decrease the ability to work and are a prerequisite for the occurrence of stress among working midwives.

3. Stress is the cause of discomfort among midwives.

4. Respondents choose to share with family and friends to overcome stress.


Keywords

professional stress, midwives, workplace

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/sssp.v2i0.4030

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About The Authors

Slavena Ilieva
Medical University of Varna

Department of Health Care, Faculty of Public Health

Valya Dimitrova
Medical University of Varna

Department of Health Care, Faculty of Public Health

Rumyana Laleva
Medical University of Varna

Department of Health Care, Faculty of Public Health

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