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The influence of oral health on the quality of life in Bulgaria

Desislava Dokova, Melanija Kocheva, Eva Nacheva, Ivelina Hristova, Klara Dokova

Abstract

Introduction: Numerous scientific reports have highlighted links between dental problems and qual­ity of life. The objective of this research is to determine whether oral health influences the quality of life in Bulgaria.

Materials and methods: A random sample was drawn from the population of Varna. A validated 14- item standardised questionnaire was used to measure the impact of oral conditions on people’s well-being. The data was entered into Microsoft Excel and analyzed with descriptive statistical methods.

Results: A total of 119 participants took part in the survey and 115 provided demographic informa­tion. The mean age of the sample is 40.8 years (± 22.8). Sixty-one percent of the people surveyed are women. Large city residents are 84%, 16% live in a small town and 1% in villages. Half of the respon­dents have higher education, 30.4% have secondary, and 17.3% have primary or a lower degree of edu­cation. The data from the survey demonstrates that 13.4% of all respondents have permanent speech difficulties, 17.8 % sometimes feel their taste sensations worsened and 22.2% find it constantly un­comfortable to consume some foods due to oral health problems. One fifth of the survey participants occasionally have to interrupt meals because of dental problems and 13.5% feel pain very often. In ad­dition, 14.2% constantly feel self-conscious, 20% sometimes feel tense, and 12.2% are regularly em­barrassed due to problems with teeth, mouth or dentures.

Conclusions: This study suggests that oral health conditions have an impact on the quality of life of the Bulgarian adult population. They affect people physically and psychologically, and influence how Bulgarians speak, taste food and socialize.


Keywords

quality of life; influence; oral health; impact; dental problems




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/ssvs.v2i0.4734

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