Scientific Online Resource System

Varna Medical Forum

Diabetic retinopathy and disability

Binna Nencheva

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most severe complications of diabetes. Due to the ageing of the nation, it is expected that the number of the individuals suffering from this condition will increase. Aim: To analyze the diabetic retinopathy related disability for the period 2005-2012 in Eastern Bulgaria. Material and methods: An analysis of the cumulative primary disability (PD) per 100 000 persons due to diabetic retinopathy, divided by gender, age, impairment severity and retinopathy type. Results and discussion: The disease occupies the second place as the cause of visual disability. Monocular decrease of the vision for both periods and for both genders shows significantly lower values. The PD caused by diabetic complications within the first time interval shows multiple variations in Varna region compared to the rest of the regions and the women of the district cities and the village population in general are more affected. Shumen region is the leading region in terms of nonproliferative retinopathy. Regarding the proliferative retinipathy the leading regions are Burgas, Dobrich and Shumen for male patients and Shumen, Sliven and Razgrad for female patients. Conclusions: The decreased PD within the second period is a sign of a correct disease management.

Keywords

ПИ, диабетна ретинопатия, Източна България

Full Text


References

Василева П., Маджарова. Б., Цекова, Р., Пройков, М. Епидемиология на диабетната ретинопатия. Офталмологичен преглед бр. 1/1996

Borisova A M, Kovacheva S, Shinkov A, Atanasova I, Aslanova N, Vlachov J., Dokovska L.A study of the influence of diabetes mellitus among not selected Bulgarian population like cross-sectional study. Endocrinology 2007;12 (1):42 – 49

Blum R, Kloos C, Muller N, Mandecka A, Berner R, Bertram B, Muller U. A Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy. Check-up program of a public health insurance company in Germany, 2002-2004, Ophthalmology 2007; 104:499-500

Donicova V, Broz J,Dorin I. Health care provision for people with diabetes and postgraduate training of diabetes specialist in Eastern Europian countries J Diabetes Sci Technol 2011Sep 1;5(5): 1124 -3

Idil A., Caliskan D., Ocaktan, E. The prevalence of blindness and low vision in order onset diabetes mellitus and associated factors: a community-based study Eur Ophthalmol 2004; 14:298-305

Simmons D., Williams D R, Powwell M. J. Then Coventry Diabetes Study: prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in Europoids and Asians Q J Med 1991; 81:1021-1030

Sparrow J M, McLeod B K, Smith T D, Birch M K, Rosenthal A R. Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and maculopathy and their risk factors in the non -insulin-treated diabetic patients of an English town. Eye (Lond) 1993;7:158-63

Waked N., Saad A., Mehanna C., Sleilary G., Kortbaoui R. Prevalence causes and risk factors for blindness and visual impairment among nursing home residents in Lebanon. J Fr Ophthalmol 2007; 30: 497-502


Refbacks

Font Size


|