Scientific Online Resource System

Varna Medical Forum

The Stigma "Mental Illness"

Hristo Kozhuharov, Kamen Taskov, Ivanka Boncheva

Abstract

Numerous scientific studies worldwide have shown that a significant number people still hold on to an obsolete and negative image of psychiatry and mental illness. The psychiatric patient is still seen as a failure who can‘t handle life‘s challenges; who is genetically doomed to be such . Social factors, which are often overlooked, are the reason for some people‘s failure, which might lead to a psychiatric disorder. Ignorant people put mentally ill patients under a common denominator. They don‘t differentiate between a patient with psychosis and a patient with retardation or severe depression, let alone the great number of patients with functional, neurotic disorders. All psychiatric patients elicit fear and so they are shunned. Around the world most people would prefer to be physically ill, but almost no one wants to be mentally ill.
This issue has existed for centuries. For our coun- try it is no different to many other, more developed countries around the world.In our country very lit- tle is known about the way of life and the turmoils of the mentally ill patient. There is insufficient nation- al, widely available and, yet scientific enough litera- ture on psychiatric disorders, their variety and treat- ment methods.
All these reasons, taken separately or as a whole, were the reason to conduct the current study. To see both points of view - that of the mentally healthy and of the mentally ill person - is to highlight once more the importance of the issue and the opinion of specialists - physicians and psychologists.

Full Text


References

Angermeyer MC, 2003. Das Stigma psychischer Krankheit aus der Sicht der Patienten - Ein Ãœberblick. Psychiatrische Praxis 30: 358-366.

Bailey S: Young people, mental illness and stigmatisation. Psych Bull 1999; 23: 107-110

Buizza C, Schulze B, Bertocchi E. et al. The stigma of schizophrenia from patients and relatives view: A pilot study in an Italian rehabilitation residential care unit. Clin Pract Epidemol Ment Health 2007; 3 (1): 23-31

Finzen Asmus: Die Krankheit verstecken. Stigma und Stigmabewältigung bei psychischen Störungen. In: Psychose und Stigma, Psychiatrie Verlag, Schweiz, 2011

Frick Jacqueline: Abgestempelt. Das Stigma psychisch Kranker und der Psychiatrie., Sulz, 2008

Hans Kurt: Wie Stigma entsteht und wieder aufgelöst werden kann, 2011, Solothurn

Hinterhuber H.: Stigma hat Tradition - Zum historischen Hintergrund der Stigmatisierung; Neuropsychiatrie, Band 16, Nr. 1 und 2/2002; S. 117-119

Horvath Christian: Sprüchesammlung. Donau-Symposiums, Linz, 2000

Lauber C., C. Nordt, L. Falcato, W. Rössler: Public attitude to compulsory admission of mentally ill people. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2002; 105: 385-389

Lauber C., C. Nordt, L. Falcato, W. Rössler: Lay attitudes towards psychotropic drugs and their relationship to the recognition of mental illness, European Archives of Psychiatry, 2003

Lauber C., C Nordt, L Falcato, W Rössler: Community mental health. International Journal of Social Psychiatry,2004, 48, 209-210

Link BG, Yang LH, Phelan JC et al. Measuring mental illness stigma. Schizophr Bull, 2004; 30 (3): 511-541

Meller H.: Stigmatisierung als Folge intrapsychischer Abwehrprozesse - der psychotherapeutische gesichtspunkt, Donau - Symposium, Linz, 2000

Pinfold V, Byrne P, Toulmin H. Challenging stigma and discrimination in communities: A focus group study identifying UK mental health service users$ main campaign priorities. J Soc Psychiatr 2005; 51 (2):128-138

Schulze B, Angermeyer MC. Subjective experiences of stigma. A focus group study of schizophrenic patients, their relatives and mental health professionals. Soc Sci Med 2003; 56 (2): 299-312

Schulze Beate, Heather Stuart, Steffi G. Riedel-Heller: Das Inventar Subjektiver Stigmaerfahrungen (ISE): Ein neues Instrument zur quantitativen Erfassung subjektiven Stigmas.The German Version of the Inventory of Stigmatising Experiences (ISE) - A New Tool for Assessing the Prevalence and Impact of `Felt Stigma`. In: Psychiat Prax. Georg Thieme Verlag KG.

Wourld Bank, WHO, University of Harvard: `The Global Burden of Diseases`, 2000

www.aktionsbuendnis.ch

www.openthedoors.de/isolation2.html: Ein Leben in Isolation - Stigmatisierung und ihre Folgen

www.psychiatrie.ch


Refbacks

Font Size


|