Scientific Online Resource System

Varna Medical Forum

Prevention of the malocclusions of children with prematurely extracted teeth. Spacemaintainers- types and indications

Miglena Balcheva, Radosveta Andreeva, Tihomir Georgiev


Preserving a place in the denture is necessary in order to prevent shortening of the dental arch in the temporary and mixed dentition. Using space maintainers, in the cases of an early tooth lost in temporary and mixed dentition at the right time, could prevent the effects of the shortening of the dental arch and the need for comprehensive orthodontic treatment in the future. The aim of this review is to examine the types of space maintainers, their advantages and disadvantages. Preventive measures in premature loss of temporary teeth are mainly children's prosthetic constructions - the space maintainers.


местопазители; зъбни дъги; малоклузии

Full Text


Атанасов К. Профилактична стойност и ефективност на плановото ортодонтско лечение. Канд. Дисертация, София. 1967:6:123-1.

Атанасов К, Шеткова Т. Показания за използване на местопазители Д.(М.) Стоматология. 1990;1:32.

Каламкаров ХА. Клиника и лечение зубочелюстнах аномалии у детей. – Ташкент: Медицина. 1978:26:98- 11.

Мутафчиев В, Крумова В, Йорданов В. Ортодонтия за общопрактикуващия стоматолог. София. 2003;1:311-314.

Сумаре Н. Влияние на преждевременната загуба на временните зъби върху развитието на постоянното съзъбие. Автореферат. София, 1987.

Шарова ТВ, Рогожников ГИ. Ортопедическая стоматология деского возраста. М. Медицина. 1991;228.

Bahreman A. Spacemaintainers in the mixed dentition, Early – age orthodontic treatment. 2010;81-87.

Laing E, Ashly P. Space maintenance. Int. Pediat.Dent. 2009:19:155-62.

Kurol J, Bjorklin. Assessment of the inclination of the first permanent molars. Eur. J.Orthod. 2003;23:183-186.

Rajab LD. Clinical performance and survival of space maintainers: Evaluation over a period of 5 years. J Dent Child. 2002;69:156-160.

Rowland H, Hichens L, Williams A, et al. The effectiveness of spacemaintainers. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2007;132(6):730-733.

Sasa I, Hasan A, Qudeimar R. Longevity opf a band and loop space maintainers using glass-ionomer cements. A prospective study. Eur.Arch PediatrcDent. 2009;10:6-10.

Sayin M, Turkkahraman H. Effects of lower primary canine extraction on the mandibular dentition. Angle Orthodontist. 2006;76:31-5.

Shah AA, Sandler PJ, Murray AM. How to place a lower bonded retainer. Journal of orthodontics. 2005;32:206-210.

Simsek S, Yilmaz Y, Gurbuz T. Clinical Evaluation of Simple Fixed Space Maintainers Bonded With Flow Composite Resin. J Dent Child. 2004;71:163-168.

Vlaskalic V, Bojd RL. Clinical evolution of the invisalign appliance. Journal of Californian Dental Association. 2002;30, 769-777.


Font Size