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Varna Medical Forum

Herpes virus infection in dental patients

Assya Zaharieva Krasteva

Abstract

Herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 causes manifestations in the oral cavity. Both herpes infections last a lifetime and the viruses remain in the sensory nerve ganglion. Worldwide about 67% of the population have HSV1 infection and about 11% HSV2 infection.

The purpose of this study was to determine acute and chronic HSV1 and HSV2 in the serum of patients in routine dental practice with suspected oral manifestations of herpes infections. We examined 139 persons. Elevated levels of IgM to HSV1 and HSV2 were found in 18%. Of all the dental patients acute co-infection (HSV1 and HSV2) was detect in 13.6 %. An overlap of the two acute herpes infections we observed in 77% of the cases of acute infection.

The recommendations of dental practitioners are to avoid dental treatment in patients with acute infection and to prevent the spread of the virus in the dental office.


Keywords

HSV1, HSV2, dental patients, herpetic oral manifestation

Full Text


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