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Varna Medical Forum

Awareness of the risk factors for sexual health amongst adolescents

Violeta Aleksieva, Ivan Dimitrov, Ivan Aleksandrov Aleksandrov


According to WHO, sexual health is a condition of physical, emotional, mental and social wellbeing in relation to sexuality; it is not just the lack of disease, dysfunction or disability. Good sexual health requires prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and use of contraception.

Goal: The aim of this study is to determine the level of awareness of the risk factors for sexual health amongst adolescents.

Materials and Methods: In the period between September and December 2015, students from two randomly chosen schools in the cities of Sliven and Tvarditsa were surveyed. They were 120 in total, aged between 13 and 19, 70 of them were girls and 50 were boys. Studied topics included the level of knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases and the ways to prevent them; the level of knowledge about the usage of means for protection; the age of initiation of a sexual life; the usability of information and education about sexual health that was provided at school.

Results: It turns out that 64% of the surveyed students were informed about sexually transmitted diseases, however the information was insufficient and incorrect. The age of the first sexual intercourse was between 14 and 16 years, and it is in line with the data of national surveys. More than 50% of the students specified ways of preventing sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancy.

Conclusion: The early and timely education of students on the above-mentioned topics is a prerequisite for their good sexual health.


sexual health, sexual education, prevention, sexually transmitted diseases, means of protection

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