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Varna Medical Forum

Importans of the epidemiological control of insects and rodents for the navigation and limitation of infectious risk

Tsonko Paunov, Rumen Konstantinov, Anna Kircheva, Eliyana Ivanova, Miglena Kolarova, Svetla Staneva

Abstract

The study of the characteristics of monitoring and control of epidemiologically significant insects and rodents in terms of navigation is a key to achieving effective ship‘s disinsection and deratisation (deratting). The success is a result of systematic and timely performed pest control. In international perspective ever closer the institutions work for the unification of these measures and the criteria for certification. In the contemporary conditions of globalization and intensive exchange of goods and passenger the vessels and vehicles can play an important role in the spread of infected rodents and insects in the world.

Objective: To present to the medical and non-medical professionals related with navigation, the importance of bloodsucking insects and rodents for the spread of infectious diseases and to emphasize the importance of control measures against them to prevent „ship-associated infections`. Tasks: To present the targeted persons the specifics of control of insects and rodents in the vessels.

Materials and Methods: The included teaching is consistent with the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005). They were studied historical materials, articles, epidemiological studies and analyzes of the WHO for the spread of communicable diseases. Manuals for anti-epidemic control and certification of vessels were used.

Results and Discussion: Epidemiological significant rodents and insects can penetrate active or passive on vessels. They appear a risk factor for human health and the technical condition of the ship. It is essential the management, monitoring and actions related to pest control.


Keywords

ship-related infections, deratting, disinsection, pest control

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