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Varna Medical Forum

Border health control in ports of the republic of Bulgaria and programmes for the management of infectious risk

Svetla Staneva, Tsonko Paunov, Rumen Konstantinov, Anna Kircheva, Eliyana Ivanova, Miglena Kolarova

Abstract

According to the International Health Regulations as a risk for the public health are determined infectious diseases, radiation and chemical pollution. Urbanization and technological progress are a prerequisite for increasing the importance of these risks. The border crossing is facilitated, the area of spread of some infectious diseases expanded, they emerged new ones. We are witnesses of intensive migration of large groups of people without information about their health status. The system of medical control has as a basic order not to hinder the transport of goods and cargo, not to hinder people in their professional and personal trips. There remains the need to control the medical and health risk. Underway are several international projects and programs in this area. Inspectors carrying out border health control at the port of Varna actively participate in these activities. The trainings have aim to exchange experience, best practices and research for objectification of control. It must be optimization of administrative procedures, unification of issued international documents, a providing of ongoing training for border medical services, manning companies and ships` crews.

Materials and methods: We used official documents of the WHO and the Republic of Bulgaria, working materials of international programs, official statistics RHI Varna for 2013 and 2014.

Results and discussion: The border health control is essential for communicable disease surveillance - the preventing of import and spread of quarantine and especially dangerous infections, timely assessment and response to health risks for public health. It is done in accordance with the International Health Regulations (2005), Regulations on border crossings and border health control. Electronic systems are introduced for exchanging information, which requires good professional training of border medical services. The responsibility of seafarers increases because completing and bringing specific information into the electronic system. The importance of experience and communication between crews and medical services in order preparedness for rapid reaction grows. Realized are various education and training projects, optimized are health documents and protocols. It is necessary a development of target programs on particular problems of border health control to maintain the preparedness of seafarers and institutions for timely identification of health risks and adequate response.


Keywords

International Health Regulations, health certificate, health risks, border health control

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