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Varna Medical Forum

Sea epidemiology in teaching maritime medicine - prevention of infectious diseases, being subject to international health regulation and controlled by WHO

Rumen Konstantinov, Eliyana Ivanova, Anna Kircheva, Tsonko Paunov, Svetla Staneva, Miglena Kolarova

Abstract

Naval Medicine is a scientific and practical direction with a complex interdisciplinary character and is a state policy in countries like Spain, Britain, Poland and the USA. Naval Medicine is defined as a system of scientific knowledge and practical activities, whose purpose is to protect and to gain in health of seafarers, life extension, prevent and treat diseases in humans. Sea epidemiology is a very important part of the medical disciplines. It is formed as a separate direction of epidemiology and as a section of maritime medicine in the 70s-90s of the twentieth century. During a trip the parasitic system, which interacts with the crew of the ships, operates completely differently than in conditions of residence on land, which requires specific approaches for the organization of prevention of infectious diseases during the journey and on land. The control of diseases, which are subject to the international health regulation, is an essential aspect of the marine epidemiology. In the directions for work on the implementation of the International Health Regulations (2005) in 2007 is said, that we should be ready for response in infectious diseases, which may arise as a result of sudden and rapid environmental and climatic changes as a result of industrial pollution and accidents that can put at risk millions of people in many countries and that is why they require measures of worldwide importance to be taken. The measures to protect public health are a significant section in the travel and the transport. Тhe management of infections by means of vaccine agents takes an important place in the system of actions. It finds systemic application in terms of maritime epidemiology as a tool for managing the infectious risk according to the number of vaccination avertible infections. Maritime training epidemiology should include the main sections of the general and private epidemiology in a constantly changing ecological and social environment of sea travel and transport.


Keywords

Naval Medicine, Sea epidemiology, vaccinepreventable infections

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