Scientific Online Resource System

Varna Medical Forum

Poisoning from stings by marine animals in the Black Sea

Dessyslava Nikolaeva, Dimo Nikolov, Scientific adviser: D. Stavrev


The sea represents one separate world, individual ecosystem, a habitat of a great variety of organisms. It brings health and satisfaction. Everyone who takes advantage of the natural wealth must also be aware of its risks and dangers. Part of them are related to the incidents by marine animals. The poisonous marine creatures are a huge diversity. They cause injuries mostly in the warm seas.

The fauna of the Black Sea consists of 1966 species. Among them there are some who are claimed to be dangerous for the people because of the toxic substances they excrete while stinging.

The aim of the present work is to analyse the risks of stinging by marine organisms in the Black Sea.

Results: The most striking examples, representative of the hazardous species in the Black Sea are the following: The greater weever (Trachinus draco), The black scorpionfish, Scorpaenidae (Scorpaena porcus), The common stingray (Dasyatis pastinaca), Atlantic stargazer (Uranoscopus scaber), The Eurasian ruffe, ruffe, pope (Gymnocephalus cernuus), Jellyfish (Aurelia aurita, Rizozoma pulmo и Мnemiopsis leydi), The Hydrophiinae - also known as coral reef snakes or sea snakes, are one of the most toxic, but in our sea are absolutely harmless. Their toxic effects can be local - severe pain, local erythema and oedema; general - weakness, headache, malaise and neurological symptoms. Different allergic reactions, from urticaria and angioedema to anaphylactic shock (rarely), are possible.

Conclusion: The Black Sea is one of the most friendly and safest seas. However, in order to stay healthy and secure people should be well aware of its great powers, possibilities and dangers together with its priceless benefits. In this way they would be able to make the most of it and enjoy it.


maritime medicine, marine animals, the Black Sea animal stings

Full Text


Font Size