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Varna Medical Forum

NECESSITY OF CHANGING THE EDUCATIONAL MODEL FOR PUBLIC-HEALTH INSPECTORS

T. Dacheva

Abstract


Recently, an alarming tendency of increasing rates of socially significant diseases is observed. Only experts with polyvalent knowledge can provide good public health promotion. The aim of this study is to prove the necessity of and give guidelines for a reform in the model of education by analyzing the professional competencies and skills required for maintaining public health control and by comparing the different curricula of future professionals in this field. Specialists of different educational background work as public health inspectors such as professional bachelor of public health inspectors, physicians, veterinarians, and technologists. Medical students are taught basic hygiene courses in by three times smaller volume along with by two times less practical exercises as compared to public-health students. The findings of the analysis of the educational programs for physicians, specialists in occupational medicine, nutrition and dietetics, communal hygiene, veterinary medicine and for those in the Faculty of Technology of the University of Food Technologies clearly show that graduates become narrow specialists in the field, making them inefficient to polyvalent requirements of promotion control. The state subsidizes education in graduate programmes that are not designed for public health control. Public-health inspectors are the only professionals with broad but insufficient knowledge due to the short training course. Undergraduate programme should be established with advanced training in basic hygiene courses and graduate pro-grams-in communal hygiene, nutrition and dietetics and hygiene of children, including public health management. Graduates can work as junior and senior inspectors or implement management duties. The proposed model will facilitate the formation of polyvalent specialists with professional skills, education level, professional development opportunities and thus will lead to budget savings.




Keywords

education, public-health inspector, programmes, competences


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