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Varna Medical Forum

RELATION BETWEEN THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES OF HIGH-SCHOOL CHILDREN

D. Najdenova, I. Aleksandrov

Abstract


The aim of this study was to show the relationship between the physical activity of the high-school children and their anthropometrical indices. For that purpose several methods were used. We investigated the habits of living and physical activity of 135 12th-class schoolchildren. Measurement of weight, height, waist and hip circumference was done and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The results show that 40% of the schoolchildren have law physical activity. They have overweight more often than their peers who are going in for sports. Young people with overweight can be found in almost every group, but the most serious obesity is found in the group of boys who do not practice any sport at all. In the same group there is the most high average value of the waist: hip ratio (0,86). Forty percent of the young girls who are going for sports have got under- weight body mass. The average value of waist: hip ratio in this group is of 0.75, which turns this group into least risky for visceral obesity. However, at the same time, it is the most risky for malnutrition. Many young people present with law physical activity and higher risk to develop heart disease and metabolic syndrome. There is a high percent- age of girls with underweight who could develop nutritional deficiencies.




Keywords

physical activity, anthropometric indices, BMI, schoolchildren


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