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Varna Medical Forum

Nutrition, nutritional status and cancer of disabled people from Varna

Nikolina Radeva, Hristianna Romanova, Maria Panteleeva

Abstract

The leading strategies in the field of food policy, proposed at international conferences on nutrition are: improving the nutrition of vulnerable population groups in socially disadvantaged situations, promoting healthy eating. A direct anonymous poll examined the nutritional habits of 100 disabled people, members of the Society of Disabled People in Varna.

The study shows unhealthy nutrition of the disabled, resulting in insufficient variety of consumed food, as well as inadequate consumption of fish, fresh fruit and vegetables. Due to good information and lots of leisure time, 69% of the respondents have a proper diet. The reason for poor nutrition, according to the subjective estimate of 3/4 of the respondents, is insufficient financial means.

Only  1/5 of the study participants have normal weight. A total of 30% are overweight and 51% have obesity to varying degrees. The "poor" nutrition and reduced motor activity as a consequence of the disability result in overweight and obesity, which lead to worsening and deteriorating of the health condition.

Nutrition has a significant role in the tumor formation, especially tumors of the mammary gland, gastrointestinal tract, liver, skin, endocrine organs (thyroid gland, pancreas), lung, uterus, etc. Among the factors that increase the carcinogenic risk for the study group are general over-eating, excessive intake of fats and carbohydrates, chemical and radioactive substances and stress - especially with regard to emergency situations (traffic accidents, flood, fire, etc.).


Keywords

health status, nutrition, nutritional status, cancer

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