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Varna Medical Forum

Pilot study of the consumption of fruits and vegetables by patients affected by chronic kidney disease

Desislava Konstantinova, Anna Nenova-Nogalcheva


Introduction: A healthy diet is an important prerequisite for a healthy lifestyle, because it is a part of the etiology and prevention of different chronic pathological conditions. Fruits and vegetables are the main food group rich in many vitamins, minerals and bioactive substances.

Aim: The aim of this article is to conduct a pilot study on the frequency of intake of fruit and vegetables in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Materials and Methods: The data on the intake of fruits and vegetables was collected on the basis of a questionnaire survey of 140 patients who were divided into two categories - a clinical and a control group.

Results: A statistical significance was established between the affiliation of the patients to the groups and the frequency of the fruit and vegetable intake (P=0.05). 

Conclusion: Fruits and vegetables are a very important element of a healthy diet. They supply a high number of vitamins and minerals and are the main food source for vitamin C. Thus the conclusion of our study is a positive tendency for a tripled consumption of fruits and vegetables in 76.40% of all surveyed patients. 


food intake, CKD, insufficient nutrition

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