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Групи неравенства водещи до намалена двигателна активност и риск от инвалидизация при деца и юноши

С. Николова, С. Филкова


Introduction: Reduced physical activity and sedentary lifestyle is associated with an increased risk of disability and mortality and can result in being a significant economic burden on health systems. Globally, there is a decrease in the level of physical activity among young people and an increase in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, obesity and depression. For example, Bulgaria ranks sixth in the European Union in obese children aged 10-17 and every third first-grader is overweight. The socio-economic status has largely determined the level of physical activity and this depends largely on the level of income and education. Demographic factors such as gender and ethnicity are another set of factors that can explain the differences in motor activity among young people.

This work aims to review the main groups of factors associated with increased risk of reduced motor activity and development of chronic conditions and disability among young people.

Materials and Methods: Computerized search was conducted in April 2017 in referenced databases such as Medline, Pubmed, Ebscohost, and among gray literature published in Google Scholar, aimed at covering larger number of publications of studies.

Results: Analysis has identified four groups of factors that increase the risk of reduced mobility - demographic, socio-economic, environmental factors and behavioral (cultural) factors.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the study confirmed the need for a health policy development that should give priority to the most disadvantaged groups in the society.


groups of inequalitie; reduced motor activity; risk of disability among children and youth

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