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Работоспособност на ученици от начален курс, обучавани при различни ергономични условия - град Варна

Станиела Порожанова, Tеодора Димитрова, Росица Чамова


The conditions under which the training of students is conducted are associated with learning outcomes and with the health problems of children. The problem of school furniture is seen in many publications around the world as a cause of pupil fatigue and as one of the factors behind the development of spinal distortion and visual disturbance. The aim of our study was to look for a link between the performance of primary school students and the ergonomic school furniture in their classrooms.

In four schools in the city of Varna, the performance of first-to-fourth-grade students was tested by means of a correctional test, completed in dynamics during the school week at the beginning and the end of the 2011/2012 school year and measurement of the dimensions of the school furniture in the classrooms. The 268 students were divided into two groups: Group 1 with ergonomic furniture - 114 participants and group 2 - 154 participants having non-ergonomic conditions.

At the end of the school year, children from Group 1 reliably increased the average volume of processed symbols 219, while Group 2 lacked credible change in the average number of processed symbols. Based on the performance on a proofreading test, the number of reviewed symbols and coefficient of accuracy, we found that students taught in poor ergonomic conditions fairly often show mental fatigue at the end of the day. Fatigue of primary school pupils is related to school furniture. Training in good ergonomic conditions improves mental performance.


school performance; ergonomics; school furniture

Full Text


БДС ICS 97.140 Мебели, столове и маси за учебни заведения

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