Scientific Online Resource System

Conference Proceedings

Проучване на нивата на физическата активност на зрелостниците на територията на град Варна и областта

Д. Найденова, Н. Йорданова-Стоянова


Introduction: One of the highest-risk groups for Hypodynamia is high school students in large cities where lifestyle predisposes them to reduced physical activity (PA).

Materials and Methods: Levels of PA were investigated with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) among 401 adolescents at the age of 18 - 19 from Varna and the region. By the instrumental method bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) % of body fat of the participants is measured and they are divided into three groups: normal body weight (NW), underweight (UW), overweight and obesity (OW). The measured body fats are compared with the standard for the same age and sex.

Results: Recommended levels of PA (moderate to high) were found in 79.90% of young men and 56.30% of girls. In 82.50% of young people with NW, moderate to high PA was measured. There was a tendency towards a rather high PA in females with UW and rather low PA in the OW group. The highest incidence of severe PA was measured in young women with UW (40%) and 51.70% of the females with OW were with low PA. Conclusion: UW is most common among girls with high PA (38.9%). This is the group with the lowest metabolic risk, but at the same time - with the highest risk of nutritional deficiencies. More than half of the girls with OW have low PA. The frequencies of UW and OW in men are almost the same in high and low PA groups. About of the adolescents with high PA are with OW, which could be explained by the more developed muscles through systemic physical exercise.


physical activity; adolescents 18 - 19 years old; underweight; overweight; obesity

Full Text


Йорданова Н., Обездвижването – заплаха за подрастващите, Спорт и наука, бр. 11, 1993, 11-13

Петрова С., В. Дулева, Л. Рангелова и съавт. Мониторинг на хранителния статус на населението на България. Разпространение и тенденции на затлъстяването и поднорменото тегло. Наука Диететика, 2 (2012): 18-29

2008-2013 action plan for the global strategy for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases : prevent and control cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes. World Health Organization 2008

Bar-Or O. Health Benefits of Physical Activity During Childhood and Adolescence, PCPFS. Research Digest, 2002, vol. 4, pp 17-21

Bassuk S., J. A. E. Manson. Epidemiological evidence for the role of physical activity in reducing risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. J Appl Physiol, 99,2005, 1193-1204

Driskell M., Dyment S., Mauriello L et al. Relationships among multiple behaviors for childhood and adolescent obesity prevention. Prev Med. Vol 46, Issue 3 (2008):209–215

Interventions on diet and physical activity: what works: summary report. WHO Library Cataloguing-in- Publication Data. World Health Organization 2009

Kurtze N, Rangul V, Hustvedt BE, Flanders WD: Reliability and validity of self-reported physical activity in the Nord-Trondelag Health Study (HUNT 2). Eur J Epidemiol 2007, 22:379-387

Kurtze N, Rangul V, Hustvedt BE, Flanders WD: Reliability and validity of self-reported physical activity in the Nord-Trondelag Health Study: HUNT 1.Scand J Public Health 2008, 36:52-61

Kurtze N., V. Rangul. B. Hustvedt. Reliability and validity of the international physical activity questionnaire in the Nord-Trondelag health study (HUNT) population of men. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2008, 8:63

Martinez-Gomez D., J.R. Ruiz, F.B. Ortega et al. Recommended levels of physical activity to avoid an excess of body fat in European adolescents: the HELENA Study. Am J Prev Med, 39 (2010), pp. 203–211

Ortega FB, Ruiz JR, Castillo MJ. Actividad Fisica, condición Fisica у sobrepeso еl Niños у adolescentes: Evidencia procedente де Estudiosepidemiológicos. Endocrinol Nutr. 2013; 60:458-469

Pronk P., L.H. Anderson, A.L. Crain et al.Meeting recommendations for multiple healthy lifestyle factors. Prevalence, clustering, and predictors among adolescent, adult, and senior health plan members. Am. J. Prev. Med., 27 (2004), pp. 25–33

Strong W. B., Malina R. M., Blimkie C. J. R. et al. Evidence Based Physical Activity for School-age Youth. J. of Pediatrics. Vol 146, Issue 6, (2005): 732–737

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. 2008 Physical activity guidelines for Americans. Washington: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2008.

Waxman A., Prevention of chronic diseases: WHO global strategy on diet, physical activity and health, Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 24, no. 3, 2003 (281-285)

WHO (2010) Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data. Global recommendations on physical activity for health

WHO. Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. HEALTH BEHAVIOUR IN SCHOOL-AG ED CHILDREN (HBSC) STUDY: INTERNATIONAL REPORT FROM THE 2009/2010 SURVEY.

Wolfram N., Rigby M., M. Sjőstrőm, R.G. Frazzica, W. Kirch. Nutrition and Physical Activity. Health Information Sources in EU Member States, and Activities in the Commission, WHO, and European Networks. Springer, 2008


Font Size