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Нагласи за кандидатсване в листа на чакащите бъбрек сред пациенти на хемодиализно лечение

Веселина Василева, Мариана Димитрова, Aнна Георгиева


Introduction: Renal transplantation is the only optimal treatment in patients with end-stage chronic renal failure diagnosis. The current problem stems from the fact that around 3,000 patients currently undergoing hemodialysis in the country need treatment, and according to the latest data from the Executive Agency for Transplantation (EAT), the number of potential kidney recipients is 1,000. The low relative share of patients waiting for a new kidney led to a more in-depth study of patients expectations about hemodialysis treatment.

Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the expectations of 50 patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment enrolled in the kidney transplant waiting list.

Materials and Methods: A total of 50 patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment from the Clinic of Hemodialysis at the St. Marina University Hospital in Varna were interviewed by using a questionnaire method during the month of July 2016. The data was processed statistically by Microsoft Excel 2013.

Results: The aim of the research focuses on exploring the attitudes and the views of the patients to apply for the kidney transplant waiting list. The relevance of the problem was confirmed by the fact that only about 10% of the total number of patients in the hemodialysis center were included in the waiting list. Interest was provoked by the fact that patients reported that they were familiar with the application procedure, but the majority of respondents have had hemodialysis treatment for more than 5 years and have not shown interest in joining the donor recruitment program. There was no data available for patients on the list prior to initiation of hemodialysis treatment.

Conclusion: Inclusion in the waiting kidney list is an opportunity that should not be underestimated despite the different time frame and requires active work with both the patient and relatives.


applying; kidney transplant waiting list; patient; hemodialysis

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