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Vestibular effects of diving – а review

Mario Milkov

Abstract

Scuba diving is a popular recreational and professional activity with inherent risks. Complications related to barotrauma and decompression illness can pose significant morbidity to a diver’s hearing and balance systems. The common symptoms of otologic dysfunction are ear fullness or pain, hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo. Vertigo is one of the most hazardous symptoms to occur during diving. It is frequently accompanied by hearing loss and tinnitus. Vertigo is described in multiple phases of diving. However, many of these reports are not well documented, do not differentiate vertigo from nonvertiginous disequilibrium, or discuss vertigo only as an incidental observation.The purpose of this publication is to review the vestibular effects of diving.

Keywords

vestibular effects, diving, vertigo, otologic dysfunction

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