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Poor Lighting and Visual Impairments Among Administration Workers

Marina Samuneva-Zhelyabova, Ivaylo Zhelyabov

Abstract

Introduction: Typical for modern society is the use of computers for both professional and non-professional activities. This is the reason for a significant impact not only on visual comfort but also on occupational productivity. Between 64% and 90% of computer users experience symptoms such as eyestrain, headaches, ocular discomfort, dry eye, diplopia, and blurred vision after prolonged computer use.

Administration workers are exposed to daily forced work pose and prolonged work on the computer and in most workplaces there is poor lighting. This fact intensifies all the negative symptoms related to the problems with vision.

Aim: The aim of our study is to find the relationship between poor lighting and visual impairments among administration workers.

Materials and Methods:  A sociological method—a survey, was used . The results of the study were presented using descriptive statistics. The study was conducted among 386 workers in administration. The male participants were 15.8%, and 84.2% were female.

Results: Participants who reported burning in the eyes were 69%, 65.3% had dry eyes, and 42.5% of the participants had flashes or black spots in front of the eyes. The part of participants who worked in poor lighting was 54%. The results from health analyses of the data from mandatory routine preventive exams for 2020 showed that the share of eye diseases was 92.14% of all examined workers. The part of newly diagnosed eye diseases was 45.7%. The largest share of workers had myopia, followed by workers with presbyopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism and one worker with optic neuritis.

Conclusion: The results from the questionnaire show that there are many risk factors and symptoms which predispose to the appearance of eye diseases among workers. The health analyses confirm this statement. It is necessary to take emergency measures to limit these factors.


Keywords

administration workers, eye diseases, poor lighting

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