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Health Economics and Management

Physiological rejimen with active brakes as a management policy for health and safety at work

Teodora Dimitrova, Yanka Georgieva, Iliana Koleva

Abstract

Introduction: The scope of this work is the analysis of the presented data for optimal distribution and the following of the work and rest regimen in four organizations. In three out of these four organizations, the people involved in the study are employees of the organizations and the work they do is predominantly mental, while in the fourth organization the people are independent contractors and do mainly physical work.
Material and Methods: In order to achieve the goals set in the theory analysis, analysis of scientific literature in the fields of interest was carried out. In addition, the determinants of health were considered as leading factors for the health and working capacity of the individuals as long as work and work environment is concerned. The questionnaire was presented to 80 working individuals, who were further divided into two groups: employees and independent contractors.
Results: The participants in the study were predominantly men (59%) followed by the women (41%), all being between 40 and 45 years of age. The results show that 87,5% of the employees hold the opinion that rest periods during working hours are strictly followed. Only 13,5% of this group share the view that rest breaks are not strictly followed. Some of the participants in the study (12,5%) cannot comment on the regulated rest periods, while one of the volunteers who completed the questionnaire (2,5%) noted that no rest periods during working hours are used.
Conclusion: The hypothesis of the study was confirmed and it was concluded that if the work and rest regimen is followed and the optimal working environment is created - healthy and safe environment for the employees of the organizations and companies in the country, it is possible that the working capacity of the individuals may be increased and they may become more effective when approaching their tasks at work. Based on the results of the study recommendations were made for presenting the working individuals with the opportunity to be physically active during resting periods.

Keywords

work and rest regimen; healty workplace policy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/hem.v67i1.5027

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