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Risk factors for surgical site infection in cardiac surgery - A short literary survey, risk patterns

Pavlin Manoilov, Plamen Panayotov, Hristofor Cherkezov, Alexander Georgiev


It has been established that worldwide surgical site infections (SSI) account for over 10 billion US dollars in medical treatment expenses per year. Compared to patients that do not develop such a complication, the ones with SSI have their hospital stay prolonged by an average of 7 days, have a 60% higher chance to be treated in an ICU, have a 5 times higher rate of rehospitalization in the first 30 days after their discharge and twice as high mortality rate (12, 14, 16).

Admittedly, regardless of expenses and efforts, patient condition, successful treatment and quality of life are of utmost importance.

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