Scientific Online Resource System

Journal of the Union of Scientists - Varna. The Cultural Heritage of Varna and the Black Sea Region

Image symbolism of the mosaics from the Episcopal basilica in Odessos and the age of Theodosius I the Great

Marina Perseng

Abstract

The mosaic decoration from the Episcopal basilica in Odessos is connected with the establishment of the Early Christianity's image system, as well as to understanding those symbolic images that are attached to Christian teaching and for their explanation it is needed to follow the history of their origin and development. The mosaic composition of the central nave of the sanctuary has a Eucharistic character and presents a scene of the "Source of Life", dated from the beginning of V century. Studying of the spiritual code of every symbol reveals the multilayers of those signs, which are hidden in it and connects different concepts, related to each other in one basic idea and the complexity of their hidden meaning is in direct connection with the historical period, in which they are made.

Keywords

Early Christianity, liturgy, Eucharist, Christian art, Odessos, mosaics

Full Text


References

Аврелий, Августин Блажени (2001). За истинната религия – В: Малки трактати. София: ЛИК

Архим. Киприан (Керн). (1977). Евхаристия. Москва: YMCA-Press

Божилов, И. (2008). Византийският свят. София: Анубис

Библия (1998). София: Св. Синод

Дамаскин, Йоан. (1996). Точно изложение на православната вяра. София: Тилия

Дмитриевский, И. (1897). Историческое, догматическое и таинственное изъяснение божественной Литургии. Москва: СПб

Минчев, Ал. (1986). Ранното християнство в Одесос и околностите му. ИНМ Варна. кн.22. Варна

Поснов, М. (1937). История христианской Церкви (до разделения Церквей в 1054 г.). Православная библиотека

Belting H. (1994). Likeness and Presence: a History of the Image before the Era of Art. Chicago

Bugnini, А. (1990). The Reform of the Liturgy (1948-1975). Collegeville: MN

Bibliothek Der Symbole Und Glaubensrege ln Der Alten Kirche. Breslau

Breytenbach, C., Behrmann, I. (Hrsg.) (2007). Frühchristliches Thessaloniki. STAG 44

Hall, J. (1974). Dictionary of Subjects and Symbols in Art. London

Jensen, R.M. (2011). Living Water. Images, Symbol, and Settings of Early Christian Baptism. Brill Academic Pub

Minchev, Al. (1985), Das frühe Christentum in Odessos und seinem Territorium. Iin: W . Shuller (ed.), Die bulgarissche Schwarzmeerküste im Altertum, Konstanza

Мinchev, Al. (2006). Early Christian Double Crypt with Reliquaries at Khan Krum Street in Varna (Ancient Odessos). In: Al. Minchev, V. Yotov (Eds.), Early Christian Martyrs and Relics and their Veneration in East and West, p. 229-258

Minchev, Al. (2016), The Early Christian mosaics in the Episcopal basilica of Odessos (late 4th-early 7th c. AD), In: Moesica et Christiana: studies in honour of professor Alexandru Barnea, p. 431-444

Mirkovic, L. (1956). La necropole paleochretienne de Nis. Archaelogia Jugoslavica 2, p. 91-95

Pillinger R., Lirsch, А., Popova, V. (2016). Corpus der spätantiken und früchristlichen Mosaiken Bulgariens. Osterreichische Academie der Wissenschaften. Wien

Popova, V. (2016). Fons Vitae in Late Antique Monuments in Bulgaria. In: Studia academica Sumenensia. vol. 3, p. 154-198

Popova, V. (2018). Liturgy and Mosaics: the Case Study of the Late Antique Monuments from Bulgaria. In: Ниш и Византиjа. XVI, p. 135-160

Popova, V. (2019). The Mosaic Pavements of the Episcopal Basilica in Marcianopolis. In: Ниш и Византиjа XVII, p. 97-114

Runciman, Steven (1975). Byzantine style and civilization. Penguin

Twining, L. (2002). Symbols of the Christian Faith. Grand Rapids


Refbacks

Font Size


|