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Izvestia Journal of the Union of Scientists - Varna. Medicine and Ecology Series

Assessing health-related quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease in one clinical center, using Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ)

A. Atanassova, A. Georgieva

Abstract

Assessing health-related quality of life is an important step when understanding the disease of the patients. The most widely used assessment tool is the questionnaire for quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (IBDQ 32). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of life in 124 patients with IBD in one clinical center. Material and methods: 74 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 50 with Chron`s disease (CD) participated in the study. To assess their quality of life we used IBDQ, which contains 32 questions that evaluate the emotional aspects, the disease, the social aspects of life and systemic symptoms. Descriptive analysis, comparative analysis and IBM SPSS v. 20 were used. Results: The overall quality of life is 151, 34 (52 - 222). There is no significant difference between patients with UC and those CD. The assessment of quality of life in terms of the extension of the disease showed a trend towards deterioration in quality. There was a significant difference in the overall score and in the social aspects. The patients with newly diagnosed IBD have an IBDQ of 146.40 ± 45.22. The results from the analysis show that the significant difference in the quality of life is proven when it comes to activity of the disease; patents in remission have the best quality of life and those with severe disease - the worst. Conclusion: The QL evaluation, made using the IBDQ, did not detect a significant difference in the QL for UC and CD patients. The duration and activity of the disease have the greatest impact on the QL.


Keywords

IBDQ, IBD, severity of the disease, duration, UC, CD

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/isuvsme.v22i2.5517

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