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Izvestia Journal of the Union of Scientists - Varna. Medicine and Ecology Series

Posturology and its importance for dental medicine in the pediatric age group

Miroslav Stoykov, Mario Milkov, Hristina Arnautska


Human posture is defined as a particular position in which someone stands or sits, with body limbs and head in certain relation to each other and the environment. Posturology is stated to be a multidisciplinary medical field that examines the major plumb lines in the body and deals with posture. A wide range of clinical specialists work in its domain. It actively develops internationally and in Bulgaria. Posturology studies posture disorders that lead to stress or increased levels of it, as well as musculoskeletal disorders. Patients with clinical symptoms of a posture-connected dysfunction report occlusal and tempomandibular joint problems, masticatory muscles tension, neck, back and waist pain, balance maintaining deficiencies, vertigo. The aim of the present study is to stress the importance of the clinical findings of the postural analysis. Scientific databases – MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, PubMed were used for the research, with the following keywords – posturology, posture, balance, dentistry, orthodontics, treatment, for the period 1990-2020. Around 800 articles and scientific resources were found of which a number not directly associated to the topic of the research were excluded. A total of 25 articles and scientific resources were included after all selecting criteria were met (clinical trials, patients up to 17 years of age including, published protocols for evaluation from medical and dental point of view). After their analysis, it was found that most of the scientific teams, after dental and postural examinations, confirmed the relationship between bite condition and posture. There were also a small number of teams that did not prove a statistically significant relationship.


posturology, posture, balance, dentistry, orthodontics, treatment

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