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Izvestia Journal of the Union of Scientists - Varna. Medicine and Ecology Series

Rabies prevention among animals in the Republic of Bulgaria

Miglena Kolarova-Dimitrova


Introduction: Rabies is one of the oldest known diseases, which remains a significant threat to public health despite the control of wild and domestic animals.

Some countries, including Bulgaria, have rabies control programs, while in others it is a neglected disease due to the complex nature of rabies control activities.

Аim: The aim of this article is to evaluate the epidemiological effectiveness of rabies prevention in animals.

Materials and Methods: Written reference from RFSD for a period of 5 years on the registered cases of rabies, their distribution, the conduct of oral vaccination and the treatment of animals with rabies has been used. The methods of descriptive statistics were applied. The results are presented in graphical and tabular form.

Results and Discussion: After 12 years of implementation of the Rabies Prevention Program on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria, a significant decrease in the number of registered cases of rabies has been achieved, from 61 cases in 2001, 59 in 2009, 49 in 2008 to 0 registered cases after 2014, which determines the volume of preventive measures by regions.

Conclusion: The results of the analysis show that the management of the epizootic process in animals through vaccination and elimination of stray dogs is the key to any modern program for the prevention and control of rabies.


Бяс, превенция, кучета, лисици, ОДБХ

Full Text


Коларова-Димитрова М. Epidemiological Characteristics of Post-exposure Prophylaxis of Rabies in Varna Region for the Period 2014-2018 Folia Medica : (Брой № 4 (62) / 31.12. 2020 doi: 10.3897/folmed.62.e51162, 777-784

Програма за контрол и изкореняване на болестта бяс на територията на Република България 2007 – 2011 г.; 2011г.; 2013г.; 2014г.; 2016-2018 г..

Програма за профилактика, надзор, контрол и ликвидиране на болестта бяс в България за периода2019–2021г.

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