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Izvestia Journal of the Union of Scientists - Varna. Medicine and Ecology Series

Factors affecting the quality of life in patients undergoing hemodialysis

Miroslava Benkova-Petrova

Abstract

Health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) in hemodialysis patients is significantly lower than in the general population and increases the risk of hospitalization and death, regardless of a number of demographic and comorbid factors.

With the diagnosis of end-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the daily life of these patients there are a number of changes related to physical activity, diet, professional, social and personal development. At the same time, the appearance of negative symptoms of dialysis therapy (pain, sleep disorders, depression, fluctuations in blood pressure) or limitations resulting from the disease reduce the quality of life of this group of patients. The aim of the present study was to analyze the factors influencing the quality of life in patients undergoing hemodialysis. A questionnaire examined the quality of life of 64 patients undergoing regular hemodialysis treatment at the Clinic of Nephrology at the St. Marina University Hospital, Varna. Health-related quality of life assessment is important, as earlier recognition of low quality of life may allow healthcare providers to identify potentially vulnerable patients who are at increased risk of death. In addition, despite its strong association with death, HR-QOL itself is a major measure of the outcome of care for patients with end-stage CKD. 

Keywords

health-related quality of life, hemodialysis, depression, risk factors

Full Text


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/isuvsme.v26i2.8107

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