Scientific Online Resource System

International Bulletin of Otorhinolaryngology

3D printing in the head area

M. Milkov, Dzh. Dzhendov


Digital technologies are evolving at a very high pace in science and technology. They are also increasing their influence in the fields of dental and general medicine. The processes are inevitable and irreversible. The advantage of these technologies is that they can create medical devices with a complex geometric shape, in a shorter time and with greater accuracy. The materials from which the sites are built go through constant development and improvement. In dental medicine, printing is expressed in the manufacture of prosthetic dental structures of removable and non-removable type, training models, production of artificial prostheses for the needs of oral and maxillofacial surgery. In the field of otorhinolaryngology, 3D printing is used for the production of ectoprostheses in the removal of various inflammatory and tumor processes of the nose and ears, or as a result of occupational or traffic accidents. Printing also finds a place in ophthalmology for making eye prostheses. Regardless of the field of application, these technologies pose a challenge in their use in everyday clinical practice and are subject to constant monitoring by physicians and patients.
Objective: To study the application of 3D printing in the head and in particular in otorhinolaryngology.


3D printing, ectoprostheses, application, advantages, disadvantages

Full Text


Ashish, M.TECH • Nabeel Ahmad, PHD • P. Gopinath, PHD • Alexandr Vinogradov, PHD. 3D Printing in Medicine: Current Challenges and Potential Applications. Applications of Biomedical Engineering in Dentistry. Springer 2020

Gross BC, Erkal JL, Lockwood SY, Chen C, Spence DM. Evaluation of 3D Printing and its Potential Impact on Biotechnology and the Chemical Sciences. ACS Publications; 2014.

Chia HN, Wu BM. Recent advances in 3D printing of biomaterials. J Biol Eng. 2015;9:4.

Liaw C-Y, Guvendiren M. Current and emerging applications of 3D printing in medicine. Biofabrication. 2017;9:024102.

Rengier F, Mehndiratta A, Von Tengg-Kobligk H, et al. 3D printing based on imaging data: review of medical applications. Int J Computer Assist Radiol Surg. 2010;5:335– 341.

Schubert C, Van Langeveld MC, Donoso LA. Innovations in 3D printing: a 3D overview from optics to organs. Br J Ophthalmol. 2014;98:159–161.

Randolph SA. 3D Printing: What Are the Hazards?. Workplace health & safety; 2018:2165079917750408.

Campbell T, Williams C, Ivanova O, Garrett B. Could 3D Printing Change the World, Technologies, Potential, and Implications of Additive Manufacturing. Washington, DC: Atlantic Council; 2011.

Hwang HH, Zhu W, Victorine G, Lawrence N, Chen S. 3D-Printing of Functional Biomedical Microdevices via Light-and Extrusion-Based Approaches, Small Methods; 2017

Patwardhan A. How 3D printing will change the future of borrowing lending and spending?. Handb Blockchain Digital Finance Inclusion.2017;2:493–520. Elsevier.

Deckard CR. Method and Apparatus for Producing Parts by Selective Sintering. Google Patents; 1989.

Crump SS. Apparatus and Method for Creating Threedimensional Objects. Google Patents; 1992.

Sachs EM, Haggerty JS, Cima MJ, Williams PA. Threedimensional Printing Techniques. Google Patents; 1993.

ACFoAM Technologies, ACFoAMTSFo Terminology. Standard Terminology for Additive Manufacturing Technologies. ASTM International; 2012.

YE C, du Toit LC, Kumar P, Kondiah PP, Pillay V. 3Dprinting and the effect on medical costs: a new era? Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research. 2016;16:23–32

Vijayavenkataraman S, Fuh JY, Lu WF. 3D printing and 3D bioprinting in pediatrics. Bioengineering. 2017;4:63.

Jose RR, Rodriguez MJ, Dixon TA, Omenetto F, Kaplan DL. Evolution of bioinks and additive manufacturing technologies for 3D bioprinting. ACS Biomater Sci Eng. 2016;2:1662–1678.

Kim GB, Lee S, Kim H, et al. Three-dimensional printing: basic principles and applications in medicine and radiology. Korean J Radiol. 2016;17:182–197

SFS Shirazi, Gharehkhani S, Mehrali M, et al. A review on powder-based additive manufacturing for tissue engineering: selective laser sintering and inkjet 3D printing. Sci Technol Adv Mater. 2015;16:033502.

Kumar S. Selective laser sintering: a qualitative and objective approach. JOM (J Occup Med). 2003;55:43–47.

Fina F, Goyanes A, Gaisford S, Basit AW. Selective laser sintering (SLS) 3D printing of medicines. Int J Pharm. 2017;529:285–293.

Provaggi E, Kalaskar DM. 3D printing families: laser, powder, nozzle based techniques. 3D Print Med. 2017:21–42. Elsevier.

Vaezi M, Seitz H, Yang S. A review on 3D micro-additive manufacturing technologies. Int J Adv Manuf Technol. 2013;67:1721–1754.

Ballard DH, Trace AP, Ali S, et al. Clinical applications of 3D printing: primer for radiologists. Acad Radiol. 2018;25:52–65.



Font Size