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Social Medicine

Психично здраве: концепции, детерминанти и интервенции

Ив. Попов

Abstract

Психичното здраве има фундаментално значение за качеството на живот и личностното развитие на всеки човек. Културалната, социалната, физическата и икономическата среда, в която човек се ражда, живее, работи и старее са основните детерминанти на психичното здраве и житейската удовлетвореност. Психичното здраве и психичното разстройство не са статични величини, a в зависимост от много фактори могат да се променят във времето. Психичното здраве е детерминирано от взаимодействието на различни фактори на различни етапи от индивидуалното развитие на човека. Най-общо това са социо-културални, биологически и психологически детерминанти, като тук се включват генетична предразположеност, наследственост, семейна среда, пол, житейски събития, травми в детството, работна среда и др.

Keywords

mental health, psychiatric disorders, risk factors, protective factors, mental health promotion, prevention, public mental hеаlth, community

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/sm.v0i1.5087

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