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Social Medicine

Need for training and enhancement of professional knowledge and skills of health care professionals for burn patients

Varvara Pancheva, Valentin Vassilev, Vladimir Gonchev


Introduction: Burn injuries are an important global public health problem of medical, social and economic importance. Burns are a daily occurrence in the domestic, professional and school environments of modern societies. They are an essential part of emergency conditions, leading to serious consequences for the health and life of the victims. The specificity of the treatment process and the care of patients with burns occupy a significant place for health care specialists participating in each stage of the treatment and diagnostic process, require a multidisciplinary approach of medical teams from all structures of the health system. This requires awareness and an increase in their professional competence, in terms of risk factors, trauma severity, pre-hospital behavior towards the victims at the scene of the accident, as well as the provision of first medical aid in outpatient settings which will contribute to a better quality of the medical care. Objective: to investigate the training, experience and competence, and the need to increase the professional knowledge and skills of health care professionals in relation to burns. Material and methods: Surveyed with a special questionnaire developed by the team are 54 nurses, average age 49.9 years, from the emergency and surgical departments of University Multiprofile Hospital for Active Treatment - Burgas. Results: Well prepared theoretically and practically are 27.8% and 30.6% of respondents, respectively; do not have knowledge for dressing techniques for burns (25%), as well as for modern materials and local remedies for the treatment (33.3%). Standard nursing care protocols for burn patients were missing or inadequate (61.1%). a A need and desire for training and increasing professional knowledge and skills in burns was found among 74.9% of the respondents. Conclusion: There is a need to develop and update the training of nurses in the area of care for patients with burns.


burnout, education, professional knowledge and skills, health care, nursing

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