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Value the FDG-PET/CT on the management of colorectal cancer patients

A. Tonev, N. Kolev, V. Ignatov, G. Ivanov, A. Zlatarov, K. Ivanov


INTRODUCTION: In patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), preoperative evaluation and staging should focus on techniques that might alter the preoperative or intraoperative surgical plan. Conventional imaging methods (CT, MRI) have low accuracy for identifying the depth of tumour infiltration and have limited ability to detect regional lymph node involvement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of FDG-PET in the initial staging of patients with CC in comparison with conventional staging methods and to determine its impact on therapeutic management.

METHODS: In First Clinic of Surgery at University Hospital `St. Marina` one hundred and four patients with a diagnosis of CRC (53 males and 51 females; mean age 66.76± 12.36 years), selected prospectively. All patients were studied for staging using a standard procedure (CT) and

FDG-PET. The reference method was histology. The effect of FDG-PET on diagnoses and the operative treatment was studied.

RESULTS: In 14 patients, surgery was contraindicated by FDG-PET owing to the extent of disease (only 6/14 suspected by CT). FDG-PET revealed four synchronous tumours. For N staging, both procedures showed a relatively high specificity but a low diagnostic accuracy (PET 56%, CT 60%) and sensitivity (PET 21%, CT 25%). For M assessment, diagnostic accuracy was 92% for FDGPET and 87% for CT. FDG-PET results led to modification of the therapy approach in 17.85% of the patients with rectal cancer and in 14.8% of the patients with colon cancer.

CONCLUSION: Compared with conventional techniques, FDGPET appears to be useful in pre-surgical staging of CC, revealing unsuspected disease and impacting on the treatment approach.

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About The Authors

A. Tonev
Ist Clinic ot surgery, University hospital St. Marina of Varna

N. Kolev
Ist Clinic ot surgery, University hospital St. Marina of Varna

V. Ignatov
Ist Clinic ot surgery, University hospital St. Marina of Varna

G. Ivanov
Ist Clinic ot surgery, University hospital St. Marina of Varna

A. Zlatarov
Ist Clinic ot surgery, University hospital St. Marina of Varna

K. Ivanov
Ist Clinic ot surgery, University hospital St. Marina of Varna

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