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Significant inhibition of the triggering mechanism of the extrinsic system of blood coagulation in rats by thymus peptides thymulin, thymosin alpha 1 and thymosin beta 4

Yuri Nyagolov, Kiril Hristozov, Antoniya Hachmeryan


INTRODUCTION: The role of the thymus gland and the effects of thymic peptides on the coagulation status are relatively insufficiently studied. Recent data indicate controversial and not persuasive results due to in­vestigation of single hemostasis parameters and application of various pathological models.

AIM: The present study aimed to elucidate the influence of thymus peptides thymulin, thymosin alpha 1 and thymosin beta 4 applied s.c. on intact rats, on key triggering factors of blood coagulation via the extrin­sic pathway: plasma concentration of tissue factor (TF); concentration and activity of free TFPI; and the ac­tivity of plasma clotting factor VII, as well as on prothrombin time (PT) - an integral clinical parameter of the intrinsic pathway.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed on 52 male Wistar strain rats, weighing 200-220 g and bred under standard conditions at dark/light cycle 12/12 h. The rats were divided into four equal groups (n=13) and injected s.c. once daily in the time interval 08.00-09.00 h in the course of three consecutive days as follows: 1st group (controls) - with saline (the solvent of the peptides); 2nd group - with thymulin (Sigma Aldrich, 0.4 mg/kg b.m.); 3rd group - with thymosin alpha 1 (Sigma Aldrich, 0.3 mg/kg b.m.); and the 4th group - with thymosin beta 4 (Sigma Aldrich, 0.3 mg/kg b.m.).

RESULTS: Results indicate that thymulin and thymosin alpha 1 expressively decrease TF and increase TFPI concentrations. All three thymic peptides reduce FVIIa activity, increase TFPI activity, and significantly elongate PT.

CONCLUSIONS: Thymus peptides thymulin, thymosin alpha 1 and thymosin beta 4 significantly suppress blood coagulation through the extrinsic pathway and generate a distinct tendency for hypocoagulability.


: thymulin, thymosin alpha 1, thymosin beta 4, TF, FVII, TFPI, PT

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About The Authors

Yuri Nyagolov
Medical University Sofia, Department Physiology

Kiril Hristozov
Medical University of Varna department of endicrinology

Antoniya Hachmeryan
Medical University of Varna, department of Physiology

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