Scientific Online Resource System

Scripta Scientifica Salutis Publicae

The effect of polarized polychromatic non-coherent light (Bioptron) therapy on patients with lower back pain

Mariyana Mihaylova, Zhenya Ruseva, Silviya Filkova


INTRODUCTION: Lately the polarized polychromatic non-coherent lower energy light emitted by the Bioptron lamp has become more widely used in the physiotherapeutic practice.

AIM: To study the effect of polarized polychromatic incoherent low energy light on pain, motor activity and quality of life in patients with vertebrogenic lower back pain and to compare it with other methods used in practice.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Object of the study were 60 patients with lower back pain. A control group (N=30, age 46±11.5 y.) was treated with basic therapy and the Bioptron apparatus. Functional tests of the motor activity (test of Thomayer and test of Schober), evaluation of the pain using visual analogue scale (VAS) evaluation of the quality of life using the Roland-Morris test in the beginning, at the end and 1 month after the treatment were used to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment.

RESULTS: The results have a statistical significance of (p<0.05) for both groups regarding the reduction of the pain syndrome, the functional tests for mobility in the lumbar region and the quality of life. There`s also a statistical significance in comparing the results of the test group (TG) and the control group (CG) (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION: Both methods reduced pain, improved the mobility of the lumbar region and improved the quality of life of patients with lower back pain. The complex methodology incorporating basic treatment with the use of polarized polychromatic non-coherent low energy light yielded better results than just basic treatment.


lower back pain, physical therapy, polarized polychromatic non-coherent low energy light (PPL)

Full Text


Gatev S, Bankov S, Busarov S. Manual of Physical therapy. Sofia: Medicine and physical education; 1992. p. 83-176 (in Bulgarian).

Gechev Y. Foundations of general vertebrology. Sofia: Prof. Marin Drinov; 2002 (in Bulgarian).

Wolfgang H, Debrunner H. Orthopaedic Diseases. Sofia: Medicine and physical education; 2010. p 97-8 (in Bulgarian).

Kostadinov D, Nikolova L, Bankov S, Slunchev P. Physical factors in the complex treatment and rehabilitation of some common diseases. Sofia: Medicine and physical education; 1975 (in Bulgarian).

Milanov I. Neurology: Textbook. Sofia: Medicine and physical education; 2012. p. 78-147 (in Bulgarian).

Ryazkova M, Kirova I. Physical therapy - general and specific part. ARSO; 2002 (in Bulgarian).

Samoilova KA. Anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, stimulating wound healing and normalizing metabolism mechanisms of impact of the light emitted from the apparatus Bioptron. Materials of scientific conference `New directions in the appliance of light treatment with Biotron`, Moscow- Yekaterinburg. 2003: 10-14 (in Russian).

Andersson GBJ. The epidemiology of spinal disorders. In: Frymoyer JW (ed.). The adult spine: principles and practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; 1997. pp. 93-141.

Balagué F, Mannion AF, Pellisé F, Cedraschi C. Non-specific low back pain. Lancet. 2011;379(9814): 482-91. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60610-7

Ballyzek M, Vesovic-Potic V , He X, Johnston A. Efficacy of polarized, polychromatic, non-coherent light in the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal neck and shoulder pain. Unpublished material, BIOPTRON AG, Wollerau, Switzerland (2005).

Battie MC & Videman, T. Lumbar disc degeneration: epidemiology and genetics. J Bone Joint Surg. Am. 2006; 88 (Suppl. 2), 3-9. doi: 10.2106/ JBJS.E.01313

Rubin DI. Epidemiology and risk factors for spine pain. Neurol Clin. 2007. 25(2):353-71. doi: 10.1016/j. ncl.2007.01.004



About The Authors

Mariyana Mihaylova
Medical University of Varna

Department of Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation, Thalassotherapy and Occupational Diseases, Faculty of Public Health

Zhenya Ruseva
Medical University of Varna

Department of General Medicine and Clinical Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine

Silviya Filkova
Medical University of Varna

Training and Research Sector of Rehabilitation Therapist, Medical College

Font Size