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Needlestick injuries and post-exposure prophylaxis among nurses at Dr. Ivan Seliminski hospital - Sliven

Pepa Dzhedzheva, Elena Zheleva, Ivan Alexandrov, Ivan Dimitrov


INTRODUCTION: The risk of needlestick or other medical sharp instrument-induced injuries is one the most common risks among nurses. These injuries are dangerous when it comes to transmitting life-threatening blood-borne infections, including HBV, HCV and HIV. Most commonly, the risk factors are related to the oc­cupational work technique and practices, as well as the use of personal protective equipment, health and safety protocols at the work place, introducing safe medical equipment and timely post-exposure prophylaxis.

AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the frequency of sharp injuries, to analyse the most common reasons for those injuries and to analyse how well nurses at Dr. Ivan Seliminski Hospital are informed about post-ex­posure measures in order to increase occupational safety.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used an individual anonymous survey with 55 nurses working in different wards of the Hospital.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Needlestick injuries are most commonly inflicted after injections, in emergen­cy situations, and due to deficient health and safety protocols at the work place. Occupational exposure inci­dents are rarely reported so it is difficult to register them.


needlestick injuries, post-exposure prophylaxis, blood-borne infections, nurse

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About The Authors

Pepa Dzhedzheva
Medical University of Varna, Sliven Affiliate

Elena Zheleva
Medical University of Varna, Sliven Affiliate

Ivan Alexandrov
Medical University of Varna, Sliven Affiliate

Ivan Dimitrov
Medical University of Varna, Sliven Affiliate

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