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Hemodialysis Patient`s Awareness about Kidney Transplantation

Veselina Vasileva, Mariana Dimitrova


Kidney transplantation is the most frequent type of transplantation worldwide and within the country. It is the only effective treatment for patients diagnosed with chronic renal failure. Currently there are approximately 3000 patients in Bulgaria on hemodialysis. According to the latest data of the Executive Agency for Transplantation (EAT), 977 persons are waiting for a new kidney. The main reason for the low number of enlisted patients for renal transplantation is mostly due to the lack of information about their options.

AIM: The purpose of this study is to explore the views of the 50 patients on hemodialysis, their awareness of transplantation possibilities as a factor for improving the quality of life and increase the level of interest about the procedure.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment at the St. Marina University Hospital in Varna have been interviewed using a questionnaire method and an individual anonymous survey. The survey was conducted in July 2016.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The importance of the problem was confirmed by the fact that almost half of the respondents assessed their awareness about transplantations as low. After recognizing the need to raise their awareness of the problem, significantly higher percentage (83%) of the patients stated their motivation to learn about new developments in the field of transplantation through specialized trainings on the subject. The survey data reflects the views of the respondents who increased their knowledge on organ transplantation and realized the possibilities of improving the quality of their life.


awareness, kidney transplantation, patient, hemodialysis, quality of life

Full Text


Law transplant organs, tissues and cells. OG/83/2003. all amend. and add. incl. amend. OG/41/2009. (in Bulgarian)

Georgieva S, Savova A, Paskalev E, Petrova D. Literary study of legislative requirements and drug therapy of renal transplant. General Medicine, Central Medical Library, MU Sofia. 2012; 14 (3): 3-11. (in Bulgarian)

Garcia GG, Harden P, Chapman J. The Global Role of Kidney Transplantation Kidney. Blood Press Res. 2012; 35:299-304.

The Republic of Bulgaria Executive Agency for Transplantation Ministry of Health. [cited 2016 July 11]. Records and statistics. Statistical data. [about 2 screens] Available from: http://bgtrans-



About The Authors

Veselina Vasileva
Medical University of Varna

Department of Nursing Copare, Faculty of Public Health

Mariana Dimitrova
Medical University of Varna

Department of Nursing Copare, Faculty of Public Health

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