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Varna Medical Forum

The V-shaped defects on hard tooth tissues - a contemporary view

Vesela Hristova, Slavcho Dimitrov, Mayya Koleva, Maya Doychinova

Abstract

Wedge defects represent loss of dental tissue in the cervical region of the tooth close to the enamel-cement border, without the presence of carious process i.e. in the absence of micro-organisms. The typical outlook is the shape of a wedge, that happens after the loss of hard dental tissues- gingival and coronal wall meet at a right angle, with the tip pointing towards the tooth pulp. They have a specific etiology, pathogenesis and clinical features. The disease affects mostly the vestibular surface of teeth, most often of the first premolars. The evolution of this pathology leads to the destruction of the tooth crown, pulpopathosis and periodontitis. The esthetic is disturbed. Issues associated with the spur-shaped defects are multipule and adequate treatment is essential for the arrest of the pathological processes.

Keywords

: клиновидни дефекти; абфракция; оклузално налягане; V-shaped defects; abfraction; occlusal pressure;

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/vmf.v6i1.2167

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