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Varna Medical Forum

Coffee consumption among night and shift workers

Teodora Dimitrova, Darina Hristova, Staniela Porozhanova

Abstract

Fatigue during day shifts may threaten the health and safety of workers as well as their clients in the service sector. Previous research has proved that caffeine-containing beverages are a reliable method of dealing with exhaustion during day shifts. Although there is plenty of research, the connection between caffeine and safety at the workplace as well as other production indicators of work ability, remains unspecified. The consumption of coffee provided as free food at the workplace of 502 people working overtime or night shifts has been examined.

Most commonly, the people working on day or night shifts consume 2-3 coffees per day. 42,5 % of people working on day shifts and 38,9 % of night workers drink more than 2 coffees daily as a prophylaxis against fatigue. The number of people consuming more than three coffees per day is also high among these groups. 22,5 % of the night workers and 13,9 % of the ones on day shifts drink caffeine-containing beverages dangerously frequently. Working on the night shift (p<0.001) and overtime (p<0.05) is proved to be a risk factor, increasing the frequency of coffee intake.

Caffeine is the world`s most frequently taken pharmacologically active substance. However, evidence of its influence on human health among frequent consumers is still inconclusive.

The consumption of 3-4 cups of coffee daily has proved to stimulate the working ability of adults without threatening their health. This is a reliable prophylaxis against tiredness caused by working on day or night shifts.


Keywords

кафе; нощен труд

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/vmf.v7i1.5001

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